Ngữ pháp - Câu chẻ

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Câu chẻ

Câu chẻ được dùng để nhấn mạnh một thành phần của câu như chủ ngữ, túc từ hay trạng từ

1. Nhấn mạnh chủ từ (Subject focus)

 It + is / was + Noun / pronoun (person) + who + V + O …

Ex: My brother collected these foreign stamps.

→ It was my brother who collected these foreign stamps.

It + is / was + Noun (thing) + that + V + O …

Ex: Her absence at the party made me sad.

→ It was her absence at the party that made me sad.

2. Nhấn mạnh túc từ (Object focus)

It + is / was + Noun / pronoun (person) + who(m) + S + V…

Ex: I met Daisy on the way to school.

→ It was Daisy who(m) I met on the way to school.

Note: Khi nhấn mạnh túc từ ta có thể dùng who thay cho whom nhưng khi nhấn mạnh chủ từ thì không dùng whom thay cho who.

 It + is / was + Noun (thing) + that + S + V …

Ex: My brother bought an old motorbike from our neighbor.

→ It was an old motorbike that my brother bought from our neighbor.

3. Nhấn mạnh trạng từ (Adverbial focus)

It + is / was + Adverbial phrase + that + S + V …

Ex: - We first met in December.

→ It was in December that we first met.

- Phan Thanh Gian was born in this village.

→ It was in this village that Phan Thanh Gian was born.



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