Cấu trúc bị động It is said that...
Để chuyển câu tường thuật sang câu bị động có 2 cách.
- Active (chủ động)
|People (they) + say (said) + that||S2||V2||O2|
- Passive (bị động)
|1||It + is / was + said + that||S2||V2||O2|
am/ is/ are
|+ said +|
to have + V3
(A) People say that he is intelligent.
(P1) It is said that he is intelligent.
(P2) He is said to be intelligent.
(A) They believed that she came here.
(P1) It was believed that she is came here.
(P2) She was believed to come here.
* Chú ý:
Động từ tường thuật thường gặp: say (nói), think (nghĩ), believe (tin), suppose (cho là), report (tường thuật), expect (trông chờ), know (biết)